This Java tutorial will introduce you to Java programming Language. You'll compile and run Java application, using Sun's JDK. It's very easy to learn java programming skills, and in these parts, you'll learn how to write, compile and run Java applications. Before you can develop corejava applications, you'll need to download the Java Development Kit (JDK).


Java Data and Variables

There are 8 primitive data types. he 8 primitive data types are numeric types. The names of the eight primitive data types are:

byte short int long float double char boolean

There are both integer and floating point primitive types. Integer types have no fractional part; floating point types have a fractional part. On paper, integers have no decimal point, and floating point types do. But in main memory, there are no decimal points: even floating point values are represented with bit patterns. There is a fundamental difference between the method used to represent integers and the method used to represent floating point numbers. 

Integer Primitive Data Types
Type Size Range
byte 8 bits -128 to +127
short 16 bits -32,768 to +32,767
int 32 bits (about)-2 billion to +2 billion
long 64 bits (about)-10E18 to +10E18
Floating Point Primitive Data Types
Type Size Range
float 32 bits -3.4E+38 to +3.4E+38
double 64 bits -1.7E+308 to 1.7E+308


int yr = 2006;
double rats = 8912 ;

         For each primitive type, there is a corresponding wrapper class. A wrapper class can be used to convert a primitive data value into an object, and some type of objects into primitive data. The table shows primitive types and their wrapper classes:

primitive type Wrapper type
byte Byte
short Short
int Int
long Long
float Float
double Double
char Character
boolean Boolean

 Variables only exist within the structure in which they are defined. For example, if a variable is created within a method, it cannot be accessed outside the method. In addition, a different method can create a variable of the same name which will not conflict with the other variable. A java variable can be thought of as a little box made up of one or more bytes that can hold a value of a particular data type:

Syntax: variabletype variablename = data;

Source Code ( demonstrating declaration of a variable )

class example
  public static void main ( String[] args )
    long x = 123;    //a declaration of a variable named x with a datatype of long

    System.out.println("The variable x has: " + x );

Source Code

public class MaxDemo {
     public static void main(String args[]) {
          byte largestByte = Byte.MAX_VALUE;
          short largestShort = Short.MAX_VALUE;
          int largestInteger = Integer.MAX_VALUE;
          long largestLong = Long.MAX_VALUE;

         //real numbers
         float largestFloat = Float.MAX_VALUE;
         double largestDouble = Double.MAX_VALUE;
         //other primitive types
        char aChar = 'S';
        boolean aBoolean = true;

        //Display them all.
        System.out.println("largest byte value is " + largestByte + ".");
        System.out.println("largest short value is " + largestShort + ".");
        System.out.println("largest integer value is " + largestInteger + ".");
        System.out.println("largest long value is " + largestLong + ".");
        System.out.println("largest float value is " + largestFloat + ".");
        System.out.println("largest double value is " + largestDouble + ".");

Sample Run

The largest byte value is 127.
The largest short value is 32767.
The largest integer value is 2147483647.
The largest long value is 9223372036854775807.
The largest float value is 3.4028235E38.
The largest double value is 1.7976931348623157E308.